Tree Planting Guide

Fall is for planting trees. Planting hardy trees in the fall allows them to form a good root system before they must compete with the heat and humidity of hot summers. Fall and early winter are the best time to plant a tree. November is perfect month for this job.

Planting in the dormant season puts less stress on the newly planted trees. There is typically more than enough natural moisture, which allows the new trees to start forming roots without much intervention from us. However, if there is no rainfall for several weeks, you must water, even if it is chilly.

Do not plant your tree under or in the vicinity of power lines. Give the tree plenty of room to form its natural canopy and shape. Do not forget to take into the account the width of a mature tree. Do not plant a shade tree any closer than 15 feet from the foundation of the building.

Select tree that love the conditions you have. If you have a moist boggy soil, choose tree that prefer moisture. Similarly do not put something that likes water (for example, River Birch) in a dry site.

When planting a new tree, you should dig a hole which is 3 times as wide as the plants root ball, but only as deep as the root ball is. Do not change the existing soil. You can mix organic matter with the existing soil.

The depth of the hole should only be as deep as the root ball, or somewhat shallower. You must allow natural settling of the soil. In addition, do not bury your tree too deep. If you do, the roots will not develop because they will lack oxygen. No fertilization should be used at planting your new tree.

Once you planted your tree, apply mulch around it to a depth of 2 to 4 inches. There should be some space between the stem of the tree and the mulch.

Water is crucial aspect for success. Too little or too much can both cause the death of your tree. The site should be well drained and water deeply to support root formation.

If your tree is structurally good, staking is not required. On the other hand, if you have a tall tree with a small root system, or live in a region with strong winds, staking is required. In this case, use 2 or 3 stakes used with a flexible tie material.

Do not stake too tightly because there should some natural movement. Remove ties and stakes after the first year of growth.