One of man’s basic needs is shelter. Regardless of the situation it’s important that this needs to be fulfilled. Shelters are the primary key to surviving whatever disaster one may experience. In building a shelter four important factors must be given particular attention. Size of the survival shelter, ventilation, heat and safety are the things that must be properly considered. There are three major types of shelters to choose from, each type serving different purposes. You can choose one among the three or build a shelter that has the improvisations of all.
1 – Dugout shelters are flexible and very easy to build. During winter, a dugout shelter is highly recommended. You can build a dugout shelter around a tree or a pole that can hold up a roof made of leaves or brush. For the floor of your dugout shelter, you can also use a layer of leaves. This will bring comfort to you and your family while you await rescue operations. Make sure that the dugout shelter has dimensions that can provide breathing space for all the members of your family yet small to take advantage of warmth. The only difficulty you may come across when building this type of survival shelter is when you’re dig hard earth. Make sure that you have the right digging equipment or if it’s really difficult, look for an existing hole in the ground and enlarge it.
2 – If you live in a place where the climate is hot, place your openings in such a way that they are aligned with a cross breeze. On the other hand if you live in a cold climate, have only a single opening that is against the direction of wind or toward the place where you intend to build fire.
3 – Large sheets of clothing, a poncho, parachute and a tarp can be of good use when you wish to build a poncho shelter or a tarp shelter. You can build a poncho or tarpaulin shelter by having a strong pole lean unto an indentation on a tree or crack of a big rock and spread the sheet of clothing, tarp or poncho over it. This type of shelter will look like a tent. The number of people who can however fit into the shelter is limited depending on how large the sheets are.
In more unfortunate situations, you might find yourself caught off guard and have no resources to build a survival shelter. The only thing that you can do is to make the most out of the situation that you are in.
In times where your only equipment is the things that are provided to you by your surroundings, a debris shelter is the best and most practicable choice. Debris shelters are made out of dried leafs, branches, twigs and other fallen parts of trees. Make sure that the debris you choose to work with is free from scorpions, ticks, and other pesky and minute insects.